Gum Disease

gum disease and common dental problemsWhat is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is caused by bacterial build-up that destroys the gums and tissue surrounding your teeth. If left untreated, this can also lead to tooth decay. Common symptoms include tender gums and bleeding when you brush or floss your teeth.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is caused when bacteria forces the gum to be separated from the teeth, exposing a pocket of space that can fill with plaque and lead to infection. As this evolves, the tooth can then be broken down by bacteria and enzymes in this pocket of space and lead to decay and possible loosening of teeth. Bad habits (such as smoking) and some medications can also cause, or assist in causing, gum disease.

Treatments with Michael E. Thum Dentistry

Your dentist at Michael E. Thum Dentistry can help diagnose gum disease and recommend appropriate treatments. We will examine the gums and teeth for the symptoms and discuss treatment accordingly. Typically, routine dental cleanings can help reduce the tartar and plaque buildup surrounding the gums. In some cases, your dentist might recommend you have more than two routine visits to combat gum disease. In the advanced stages, gum disease may have to be treated surgically.